Hope College, B.A. Biology and Chemistry 1974
Undergraduate research project (with Dr. Eldon Greij): "Breeding Biology of the Common Gallinule (Gallinula chloropus) in Michigan."
University of North Dakota, M.S. Biology 1979
Thesis: "Water Chemistry & Aquatic Invertebrates in Strip-mine Ponds in Western North Dakota."
University of Missouri, Ph.D. Ecology 1987
Dissertation: "The Relationship Among Wetland Invertebrate Abundance, Litter Decomposition, and Nutrient Dynamics in Bottomland Hardwood Ecosystems."
North American Benthological Society
Society of Wetland Scientists
Society of Conservation Biology
Birdwatching, fishing, hiking, and photography